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Brickman, W., & Lehrer S. (1966).  Automation, education, and human values.
We can look forward to a day when all the dull, unrewarding, routine technical tasks can be done by machines, and the human tasks—caring for children, caring for plants and trees and animals, caring for the sick and the aged, the traveller and the stranger—can be done by human beings. We can look forward to a day when we never will ask a human being to do something that a machine can better, but will reserve for human beings our requests and demands for those things which machines cannot do." (p. 69)
Hallowell, E. M. (2006).  CrazyBusy : overstretched, overbooked, and about to snap : strategies for coping in a world gone ADD.
"Our task now is to learn how to use the technology we've invented, rather than allow it to use us, so that it improves our human connections, and does not replace them."
Roszak, T. (1986).  Cult of Information.
"The result [in Vonnegut's book Player Piano1] is a technocratic despotism wholly controlled by information technicians and corporate managers. The book raises the issue whether technology should be allowed to do all that it can do, especially when its powers extend to the crafts and skills which give purpose to people's lives. The machines are slaves, Vonnegut's rebellious engineer-hero insists. True, they make life easier in many ways; but they also compete with people. And 'anybody that competes with slaves becomes a slave.' As Vonnegut observes, 'Norbert Weiner, a mathematician, said all that way back in the nineteen-forties.'" (p. 11)
Handy, C. (1994).  The Empty Raincoat.
"If we are not machines, random accidents in the evolutionary chain, we need to have a sense of direction." (p. 263)
Carse, J. P. (1987).  Finite and Infinite Games : A Vision of Life as Play and Possibility.
"'Machine' is used here as inclusive of technology and not as an example of it—as a way of drawing attention to the mechanical rationality of technology. We might be surprised by the technological devices that spring from the imagination of gifted inventors and engineers, but there is nothing surprising in the technology itself. The physicist's bomb is as thoroughly mechanical as the Neanderthal's lever—each the exercise of calculable cause-and-effect sequences." (p. 80)
Morgan, G. (1986).  Images of Organization.
"History may well judge that Taylor came before his time. His principles of scientific management make superb sense for organizing production when robots rather than human beings are the main productive force, when organizations can truly become machines." (p. 33)
Aronowitz, S., & Difazio W. (1994).  The Jobless Future: Sci-Tech and the Dogma of Work.
The incorporation of machines into the labor process in order to make the activity of laboring easier has failed to restore laborers to their humanity. Instead it has further subordinated workers to the machine and to the forces of nature by imposing a regime in which the process of re(production) mimics the physical processes of animal existence and dominates life." (p. 333)
Fromm, E. (1955).  The Sane Society.
"[Man] is part of the machine, rather than its master as an active agent. The machine, instead of being in his service to do work for him which once had to be performed by sheer physical energy, has become his master. Instead of the machine being the substitute for human energy, man has become a substitute for the machine. His work can be defined as the performance of acts which cannot yet be performed by machines." (p. 180)
Postman, N. (1993).  Technopoly: The Surrender of Culture to Technology.
"In the work of Frederick Taylor we have, I believe, the first clear statement that society is best served when human beings are placed at the disposal of their techniques and technology, that human beings are, in a sense, worth less than their machinery." (p. 52)
Redekop, C., & Bender U. A. (1988).  Who Am I? What Am I: Search for Meaning in Your Work.
Within a few short years, mechanization, automation, and computerization have changed the nature of work so completely that the machine has now become the worker. Now also—incredible irony—the machine dictates the work arrangements of the human accomplice. Instead of the human controlling the machine, as has been the case during the early years of technological development, the human is forced to adapt to and serve the rythyms of the machine." (p. 177)

See also: rationality, neo-Taylorism, mechanistic organization, humanness

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Concept Scheme: business culture/management vocabulary

URI: business culture/management vocabulary


  • Concept: machine
    • preferred: machine
    • definition: an intricate organization that accomplishes its goals efficiently; "the war machine"
    • related: rationality
    • related: neo-Taylorism
    • related: mechanistic_organization
    • closeMatch:
    • keyword-70
    • antonym: humanness
    • linked content:
      • in scheme:
      • gloss: an intricate organization that accomplishes its goals efficiently; "the war machine"
      • hyponym of:
      • sense: machine
      • synset id: 108264759
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