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Bourne, P. D. E. J. (2001).  The Anxiety & Phobia Workbook: A Step-by-Step Program for Curing Yourself of Extreme Anxiety, Panic Attacks, and Phobias.
"lt has been my repeated experience that clients experience relief from anxiety as well as phobias when they come to feel that their life has meaning, purpose, and a sense of direction. Until you discover something larger than self-gratification—something which gives your life a sense of purpose—you may be prone to feelings of boredom and a vague sense of confinement because you are not realizing all your potential. This sense of confinement can be a potent breeding ground for anxiety, phobias, and even panic attacks." (p, 40)
Gilbert, P. (1992).  Depression: the evolution of powerlessness.
"Entrapments. In some cases a person is trapped in a poor relationship that she/he cannot get tree from (feeling too guilty at leaving, or too fearful) or is trapped by economic circumstances (e.g., a single mother's dependency on parents, or inability to give up one's job because of economic responsibilities—this is more common in men than is recognised and can lead to anger at the family). This is the equivalent of blocked escape. It is associated with the idea of 'caging', being confined and limited in actual movement (especially away from an aversive situation). Helplessness does not convey the sense of being caged and trapped although at another level they are probably equivalent. Entrapments focus more on the theme of 'freedom of movement' and blocked escape. Events can occur that make one acutely aware not only of how little one can do, but also of how 'confined one is'. Fresh start events would probably reduce the sense of being trapped/caged (Brown et al., 1988)." (p.444)

See also: psychic prison, control, conformity, helplessness, freedom

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SKOS Concept Scheme

SKOS concepts and relations

Concept Scheme: business culture/management vocabulary

URI: business culture/management vocabulary


  • Concept: confinement
    • preferred: confinement
    • alternate: entrapment
    • related: psychic_prison
    • related: control
    • related: conformity
    • related: helplessness
    • closeMatch:
    • keyword-28
    • antonym: freedom
    • linked content:
      • in scheme:
      • gloss: the state of being confined; "he was held in confinement"
      • hyponym of:
      • sense: confinement
      • synset id: 113998576
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