Sorting Things Out: Classification and Its Consequences

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Title Sorting Things Out: Classification and Its Consequences
Publication Type Book
Pub Year 2000
Authors Bowker, G. C., & Star S. L.
Publisher The MIT Press
Keywords bureaucracy, confinement, conflict, politics, rules, technology
Notes technology, rules"Information technology operates through a series of displacements, from action to representation, from the politics of conflict to the invisible politics of forms and bureaucracy. Decades ago, Max Weber wrote of the iron cage of bureaucracy. Modern humans, he posited, are constrained at every juncture from true freedom of action by a set of rules of our own making. Some of these rules are formal, most are not. Information infrastructure adds another level of depth to the iron cage. In its layers, and in its complex interdependencies, it is a gossamer web with iron at its core." (p. 320)