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Ray, M., & Myers R. (1986).  Creativity in business.
"When we ask business people what is bothering them, the answers fall almost entirely into five categories: career or purpose in life, time and stress, balancing personal and professional life, issues of money and self-worth, and bringing personal creativity into the business organization. Do they sound familiar to you? They are so pervasive that we now call them the five challenges. They must be met in order for you to have a fully creative life in business." (p. 10)
Covey, S. R., Merrill R. A., & Merrill R. R. (1994).  First Things First.
"Arnold Toynbee, the great historian, said that all of history can be written in a simple little formula—challenge, response. The challenge is created by the environment, and then the individual, the institution, the society comes up with a response. Then there's another challenge, another response. The formula is constantly being repeated.
The problem is that these responses become codified. They get set in cement. They become a part of the very way we think and the way we perform. They may be good procedures, good practices. But when we're faced with a new challenge the old practices no longer apply. They become obsolete. We're out in the wilderness trying to navigate with a road map." (p. 53)
Dundon, E. (2002).  Seeds of Innovation : Cultivating the Synergy That Fosters New Ideas.
"A strong innovation climate is one in which employees feel free to challenge each other and experiment with alternative approaches. Diversity of thought is embraced authentically. Employees who challenge the sacred traditions are supported and not treated as troublemakers."1 (p. 176)
  • 1. The use of word challenge as above gives rise to a common ambiguity. When people are challenged to do their best, this is always seen in a positive light. Whereas, when someone challenges someone in a position of authority, that is almost always seen in a negative light. So, "challenge" is seemingly good in one direction, bad in the other. So much so that the word seems to diverge into two different meanings depending on its directionality. One other instance where a related word has two divergent — almost opposing — meanings is the word "power". As Erich Fromm points out, the smuggled in meaning of "power over" stands quite apart from "power to".
    It's one thing to challenge 'sacred traditions'; it may be riskier to be perceived as challenging an even more sacred hierarchy of "power over".

See also: growth, intervention

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SKOS Concept Scheme

SKOS concepts and relations

Concept Scheme: business culture/management vocabulary

URI: business culture/management vocabulary


  • Concept: challenge
    • preferred: challenge
    • related: growth
    • related: intervention
    • closeMatch:
    • keyword-202
    • linked content:
      • in scheme:
      • gloss: a demanding or stimulating situation; "they reacted irrationally to the challenge of Russian power"
      • hyponym of:
      • sense: challenge
      • synset id: 113932948
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