Biblio

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Levinson, H. (1975).  Executive Stress.
"The cost of self-doubt in dollars and frustration is beyond computation. Despite their capacity for zest and spirit, uncounted numbers of people endure what they experience as dead-end traps with quiet desperation. They want to do something bigger and more exciting than what they are doing, but they are either afraid or don't know where to begin. They are trapped by barriers they cannot see and hindered by psychological glasses that distort their perception of themselves. The tragedy of having given up on themselves is that so many could use what seem to be barriers as stepping stones to gratification. Too much self-doubt blinds us to the opportunities around us. Without knowing where to start pulling oneself out of the psychological trap, even the person with considerable self-confidence has difficulty doing so." (p. 74) "The faster one is going to drive, the more one had better be certain both about the vehicle and the road. That way one has a better chance of getting where one is going. So it is with a career." (p. 104) "Where conformity is the first rule of survival, initiative is likely to be found only in dictionaries on the secretaries' desks." (p. 195)
Levinson, H. (1973).  The Great Jackass Fallacy.
"People will avoid, evade, escape, deny, and reject both the jackass assumption and the military style hierarchy, for few people can tolerate being a jackass in a psychological prison without doing something about it." (p. 13) "...then the managerial task becomes one of alliance with the ego ideals of employees one supervises rather than fighting the individuals or manipulating them in the psychological prison that is the contemporary hierarchical environment." (p. 105)
Levinson, H. (2006).  Harry Levinson on the Psychology of Leadership.
"When people in defeat deny their angry feelings, that denial of underlying, seething anger contributes to the sense of burnout. If top executives fail to see these problems as serious, they may worsen the situation. If a company offers only palliatives like meditation and relaxation methods--temporarily helpful though they may be--victims of burnout may become further enraged. The sufferers know that their problem has to do with the nature of the job and not their capacity to handle it." (p. 29) "Western societies value youth. It is painfully disappointing to have attained a peak life stage at a time in history when that achievement is partially vitiated by worship of youth, when there is no longer much respect for age or seniority." (p. 163)
Levinson, H. (1976).  Psychological Man.
"In displacement or substitution, we vent our feelings on a convenient but inappropriate target. This is the attack which follows projection. Scapegoating is just one variation of this mechanism. Managers frequently unload their disappointment in themselves onto their subordinates." (p. 36)
Dixon, G., & Levinson H. (1988).  What Works at Work: Lessons from the Masters.
"The sunflower effect--doing what your boss wants you to do--is still very powerful in all organizations because the power in all organizations is significantly at the top. Conflicts at high levels in organizations reverberate all the way down, reflecting the displacement downward of that anger and hostility and once again reflecting power at the top." (p. 282)